Research and analysis

Immigrant downgrading: new evidence from UK panel data

Examines the wage and occupation outcomes for cohorts of immigrants who arrived in the UK since 2002.

Documents

Data tables

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Details

Report of our examination of the wage and occupation outcomes for cohorts of immigrants who arrived in the UK since 2002.

Using the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) we followed a 1% sample of all workers (native and migrant) within and across jobs. The work focused in particular on workers who arrived in the UK since 2004 as part of EU expansion.

We found substantial evidence of occupational downgrading for these migrants. Tracking these workers in subsequent years we found very little evidence of substantial labour market improvement from initial entry.

Published 8 November 2023